contra revenue

For example, the debit will be to the expense account in an estimated uncollectible amount from a credit sale. The credit will be to the asset account or allowance for doubtful accounts. construction bookkeeping accounts show the deducting adjustments to gross revenue or producing net revenue.

What type of account is contra revenue?

A contra revenue account is a revenue account that is expected to have a debit balance (instead of the usual credit balance). In other words, its expected balance is contrary to—or opposite of—the usual credit balance in a revenue account.

To illustrate the contra revenue account Sales Returns and Allowances, let's assume that Company K sells $100,000 of merchandise on credit. It will debit Accounts Receivable for $100,000 and credit to Sales for $100,000. If a customer returns $500 of this merchandise, Company K will debit Sales Returns and Allowances for $500 and will credit Accounts Receivable for $500. Company K's income statement will report the gross Sales of $100,000 minus the sales returns and allowances of $500 and the resulting net sales of $99,500.

What Is the Difference Between Net Revenue, Net Sales, Cost of Sales & Gross Margin?

Allowance for doubtful accounts offsets a company’s accounts receivable account. Accumulated depreciation offsets a company’s real property assets, such as buildings, equipment and machinery. Accumulated deprecation represents the cumulative amount of depreciation expense charged against an asset. Contra asset accounts include allowance for doubtful accounts and accumulated depreciation. Contra asset accounts are recorded with a credit balance that decreases the balance of an asset.

An adjunct account is an account in financial reporting that increases the book value of a liability account. Contra accounts provide more detail to accounting figures and improve transparency in financial reporting. The company can estimate the quality of products based on sales return quantity and amount of product. A Cash DiscountCash discounts are direct incentives and discounts provided by any company to their customers in exchange for paying their bills on time or before the due date.


If you use accrual accounting, you will record revenue when you make a sale, not when you receive the money. If you use cash-basis accounting, only record sales as revenue when you physically receive payment. Contra AssetDepreciation is an example of a contra asset because it reduces the carrying balance of property, plant & equipment (PP&E) while providing tax benefits since depreciation reduces pre-tax income. The contra equity account reduces the total amount of shareholders’ equity.

contra revenue

Due to the sale discount, the company gets prompt payment, which reduces the collection efforts of staff. Volatility profiles based on trailing-three-year calculations of the standard deviation of service investment returns. Free Cash Flow The money left over after a company supports operations can be a snapshot of its financial health. Home Depot also devotes footnote 4 to its share repurchase program and reports that the company is authorized by its board to repurchase $20 billion in shares. In December 2001 the Board issued SIC‑31Revenue—Barter Transactions Involving Advertising Services.

Accounting for the Contrary

The company should maintain a separate accounting of for a better presentation of financial statements and estimate the product’s quality. A contra revenue account allows a company to see the original amount sold and to also see the items that reduced the sales to the amount of net sales. Transactions made to contra accounts are presented on a company’s financial statements under the related account. Contra accounts are important because they allow a company to follow the matching principle by recording an expense initially in the contra asset account. The contra asset account is later reduced when the expense is recorded. Business owners should understand the functions of contra accounts and their importance to maintaining accurate financial records.

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What is a contra account?

The difference between an asset's balance and the contra account asset balance is the book value. Contra accounts appear on the same financial statement as the related account. For example, an accounts receivable’s contra account is a contra asset account. This type of account can also be called the bad debt reserve or allowance for doubtful accounts. When a contra asset account is first recorded in a journal entry, the offset is to an expense. For example, an increase in the form of a credit to allowance for doubtful accounts is also recorded as a debit to increase bad debt expense.

  • Other contra account examples can be Allowance for Doubtful Accounts , Bond discounts, which represent contra liability account, i.e. decrease bond payable account.
  • You can export journal entries to CSV using the debits and credits report, which you can find in the Reports tab in the Dashboard.
  • Some accountants will keep a reference handy to know if the debit increases or the credit increases an account.
  • Although the accounts receivable is not due in September, the company still has to report credit losses of $4,000 as bad debts expense in its income statement for the month.

What are examples of contra revenue?

Contra Revenue Account

Sales returns, sales allowance and sale discounts are different examples of contra revenue accounts. Contra accounts such as these have a debit balance and are deducted from the total amount of a company's revenue.